1 Samuel
2 Samuel
1 Kings
2 Kings
1 Chronicles
2 Chronicles

Song of Songs



1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy

1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John

Revelation 1-11
Revelation 12-22

Notes on Titus
From the Original 1599 Geneva Bible Notes

Tit 1:1

1:1 Paul, {1} a {a} servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God's {b} elect, {2} and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness;

    (1) He vouches his apostleship (not for Titus, but for the Cretian's sake) both by the testimony of his outward calling, and by his consent in which he agrees with all the elect from the beginning of the world.
    (a) A minister, as Christ himself, in his office of minister and head of the Prophets, is called a servant; Isa 43:10 .
    (b) Of those whom God has chosen.
    (2) The faith in which all the elect agree, is the true and sincere knowledge of God for this purpose, that worshipping God correctly, they may at length obtain everlasting life according to the promise of God, who is true, which promise was exhibited in Christ in due time according to his eternal purpose.

Tit 1:2

1:2 In {c} hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, {d} promised before the {e} world began;

    (c) Hope is the end of faith.
    (d) Freely and only from his generosity.
    (e) See Geneva "2Ti 1:9"

Tit 1:3

1:3 {3} But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our {f} Saviour;

    (3) This truth is not to be sought anywhere else, but in the preaching of the apostles.
    (f) This word "Saviour" does not only signify a preserver of life, but also a giver of life.

Tit 1:4

1:4 {4} To Titus, [mine] own son after the common faith: {5} Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.

    (4) The apostle exhorts the Cretians to hear Titus, by setting forth his consent and agreement with them in the faith, and in addition shows by what special note we may distinguish true ministers from false.
    (5) There is but one way of salvation, common both to the pastor and the flock.

Tit 1:5

1:5 {6} For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:

    (6) The first admonition: to ordain elders in every church.

Tit 1:6

1:6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or {g} unruly.

    (g) This word is used of horses and oxen, who will not tolerate the yoke.

Tit 1:7

1:7 {7} For a bishop must be blameless, as the {h} steward of God; not {i} selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;

    (7) The second admonition: what faults pastors (whom he referred to before under the word elders) ought to be void of, and what virtues they ought to have.
    (h) Whom the Lord has appointed steward of his gifts.
    (i) Not stubborn and hard to please.

Tit 1:8

1:8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, {k} sober, just, holy, temperate;

    (k) Cautious, and of a sound judgment, and of a singular example of moderation.

Tit 1:9

1:9 {8} Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, {9} that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.

    (8) The third admonition: the pastor must hold fast that doctrine which the apostles delivered, and pertains to salvation, leaving behind all curious and vain matters.
    (9) The fourth admonition: to apply the knowledge of true doctrine to use, which consists in two things, that is, in governing those who show themselves able to learn, and confuting the obstinate.

Tit 1:10

1:10 {10} For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the {l} circumcision:

    (10) An applying of the general proposition to a particular: the Cretians above all others need sharp reprehensions: both because their minds are naturally given to lies and slothfulness, and because of certain covetous Jews, who under a pretence of godliness, partly combined certain vain traditions, and partly old ceremonies with the Gospel.
    (l) Of the Jews, or rather of those Jews who went about to join Christ and the Law.

Tit 1:12

1:12 {m} One of themselves, [even] a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians [are] alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.

    (m) Epimenides, who was considered a prophet amongst them. See Laertius, and Cicero in his first book of divination.

Tit 1:13

1:13 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them {n} sharply, that they may be sound in the faith;

    (n) Clearly and plainly, and do not go about the bush with them.

Tit 1:15

1:15 {11} Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but even their {o} mind and conscience is defiled.

    (11) He shows in few words, that purity consists not in any external worship, and that which is according to the old Law (as indifference of meats, and washings, and other such things which are abolished) but in the mind and conscience. And whoever teaches otherwise, does not know what true religion really is, and also is not to be heeded.
    (o) If our minds and consciences are unclean, what cleanness is there in us before regeneration?

Tit 2:1

2:1 But {1} speak thou the things which become sound doctrine:

    (1) The fifth admonition: the doctrine must not only be generally pure, but also be applied to all ages and orders of men, according to the diversity of circumstances.

Tit 2:2

2:2 {2} That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.

    (2) What are the principal virtues for old and young, both men and women: and how they ought to be stirred up to do them continually.

Tit 2:5

2:5 [To be] discreet, chaste, {a} keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

    (a) Not roving about idly.

Tit 2:7

2:7 {3} In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine [shewing] uncorruptness, {b} gravity, sincerity,

    (3) The sixth admonition: that both the pastor's life and doctrine must be sound.
    (b) Not such a gravity as may drive men from coming to the minister, but such as may cause them to come in a most reverent and honest way.

Tit 2:9

2:9 {4} [Exhort] servants to be obedient unto their own masters, [and] to please [them] well in all {c} [things]; not answering again;

    (4) The seventh admonition, concerning the duty of servants to their masters.
    (c) Which may be done without offence to God.

Tit 2:11

2:11 {5} For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,

    (5) The eighth admonition belongs to all the godly: seeing that God calls all men to the Gospel, and Christ has so justified us, that he has also sanctified us, all of us must therefore give ourselves to true godliness, and righteousness, setting before us a sure hope of that immeasurable glory. And this thing must be so learned by them that the deniers also must be reproved, by the authority of the mighty God.

Tit 2:12

2:12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and {d} worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;

    (d) Lusts of the flesh, which belong to the present state of this life and world.

Tit 2:13

2:13 {e} Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;

    (e) Christ is here most plainly called that mighty God, and his appearance and coming is called by the figure of speech metonymy, our hope.

Tit 2:14

2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a {f} peculiar people, zealous of good works.

    (f) As it were a thing peculiarly laid aside for himself.

Tit 2:15

2:15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all {g} authority. Let no man despise thee.

    (g) With all authority possible.

Tit 3:1

3:1 Put {1} them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,

    (1) He declares particularly and separately that which he said before generally, noting out certain main and principal duties which men owe to men, and especially subjects to their magistrates.

Tit 3:3

3:3 {2} For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.

    (2) He confirms again the former exhortation by propounding the free benefit of our regeneration, the symbol of which is our baptism. (Ed.)

Tit 3:5

3:5 Not by works of {a} righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the {b} Holy Ghost;

    (a) Literally, "of works which are done in righteousness": and this passage fully refutes the doctrine of meritorious works.
    (b) Which the power of the Holy Spirit works.

Tit 3:8

3:8 {3} [This is] a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain {c} good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.

    (3) Again with great earnestness emphasises how we ought to give ourselves to true godliness and avoid all vain questions, which serve to nothing but to cause strife and debate.
    (c) Give themselves earnestly to good works.

Tit 3:10

3:10 {4} A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject;

    (4) The ministers of the word must at once cast off heretics, that is, those who stubbornly and seditiously disquiet the Church, and will pay no attention to ecclesiastical admonitions.

Tit 3:12

3:12 {5} When I shall send Artemas unto thee, or Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to winter.

    (5) Last of all, he writes a word or two regarding personal matters, and commends certain men.

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